CFHS code : AL71

Parish : St Andrew the Less

Inscription : NELLIE BROOKS d March 12 1913 SOPHIA HAYDEN d Dec [4] 1890 JOHN BROOKS Scramdson (Flanders) d Sept 26 1917

Monument : Kerb stones

Above information from Cambridge Family History Society Survey

Lat Lon : 52.2039967, 0.13829268 – click here for location


Brooks and Hayden kerb stones February 2018

This set of kerb stones, in the parish area of St Andrew the Less, is situated in the far north-east corner of the cemetery, one row away from the east boundary wall and about twenty yards from the north boundary wall, about half way between the Norfolk Street and Gwydir Street entrances.  The inscription is now difficult to read.


(based on CFHS transcript)

Nellie Brooks died March 12 1913

Sophia Hayden died Dec [4] 1890

John Brooks Scramdson (Flanders) died Sept 26 1917

Family Relationship: Sophia Hayden was the paternal grandmother of John Cadman Brooks junior and Nellie Brooks, brother and sister.

Nellie Brooks (c.1880‒1913)

Caroline Eva Ellen (or Helen) Brooks (known as “Nellie”) was born c.1880, of parents John Cadman senior and Caroline Mary Brooks, then of 22 Prospect Row, Cambridge.  At ages 21 and 31 she was still living with her parents and siblings, working at home as a dressmaker, latterly at 31 City Road (Kite area).  She died on 12 March 1913 aged 33 or 34, and was buried on 15 March in the parish area of St Andrew the Less in Mill Road Cemetery.

[If you know anything more about Ellen Brooks, please contact us at]

Sophia Hayden (née Levi) (c.1817‒1890)

2 Scroop Terrace (2016)
2 Scroop Terrace (2016)

Sophia Levi (Levy) was born in Saffron Walden, Essex and baptised there on 16 November 1817, of parents Isaac and Amey Levi.  Sophia married Joseph Hayden, agricultural labourer aged 25, in that town on 10 September 1837.  In 1841 the couple was living in Joseph’s home village of Debden, Essex, with a two-month child, Harriet.  In 1851 and 1861 they were living at Pirton End, Debden, with additional children Hepzibah (c.1842‒), Helen (c.1844‒), Emily (c.1851‒), and Caroline Mary (c.1855‒), and had nephews Benjamin Levy in 1851 and James Levy in 1861 (both born in London) living with them.  Joseph and Sophia were still living at Pirton End in 1881, by which time none of their children were at home.

In 1871 their daughter Caroline Mary was working as an “under-housemaid” in the household of Edmond Foster, solicitor of 2 Scroop Terrace, Cambridge (now part of the University’s Architecture Faculty).  In the fourth quarter of 1875, Caroline married John Cadman Brooks senior of Isleham, Cambridgeshire (c.1843‒1925), “grocer’s porter”.

31 City Road (2016)
31 City Road (2016)

According to the 1911 census, Caroline and John had nine children, of whom all had survived; but the census reports 1881, 1891 and 1901 record a total of ten: Rhoda S (c.1874‒), Rose A (c.1878‒), John C (1879‒1917 ‒ see below), Caroline Eva Ellen (“Nellie” ‒ see above) (c.1880‒1913), Alice (c.1882‒), Ernest (c.1884‒), Hepzibah (c.1886‒), Arthur (c.1887‒), Ada (c.1890‒), and Thomas (c.1893‒).  The family was living at 22 Prospect Row (Kite area), Cambridge in 1881, at 17 Broad Street (off East Road) in 1891 and 1901, and at 31 City Road (Kite area) in 1911, when they had their daughter-in-law Ruth (presumably Ernest’s wife) staying with them, and also in 1917, as stated in the Cambridge Independent Press (see missing & death reports (CIP)).

Their second child, John C, was the John Cadman Brooks junior who was killed in the First World War (see below).  Returning now to Sophia Hayden: she was John junior’s grandmother, and by 1890 was living with her son’s family at 17 Broad Street (her husband Joseph presumably having by then died).  She died on 4 December 1890 at the age of 73, and was buried on 9 December in the parish area of St Andrew the Less in Mill Road Cemetery.

[If you have further information about Sophia Hayden, please contact us at]

John Cadman Brooks junior (1879‒1917) — WW1 soldier – see Life Story page

John Cadman Brooks junior was born in Cambridge in 1879 (though not baptised until 11 March 1911, at St Mark’s Church, Newnham, aged 32), the son of John Cadman Brooks senior, “grocer’s porter”, and Caroline Mary Hayden, domestic servant.  The family was probably already living at 22 Prospect Row (Kite area) at the time.  By 1901, aged 22, he was working at the Cambridge University Press on Trumpington Street as a printer-compositor  ‒ a substantial trade, for which he had worked his apprenticeship as a boy.

John enlisted in Cambridge as a Private in the Cambridgeshire Regiment, initially with regimental number 6772.

John had already served on the Western front for nearly a year when on 26 September 1917, the Cambridgeshire Regiment went into action at the Battle of Passchendaele, at a place nicknamed “Tower Hamlets”, where John Cadman was killed in action on that first day (as also was Alfred William Kirkup) at the age of 38.  He was posthumously awarded the Victory medal and the British medal (K/1/104B).  Word that he was missing reached Mary Eugenie about a month later and she put out an appeal for information in the local paper ‒ his death was not officially confirmed until January 1918 (see missing & death reports (CIP)).


England census reports 1841‒1911, 1939 register
St Andrew the Less Church, Cambridge: baptismal, banns, marriage and burial registers (many)
Grantchester Church: baptismal register (John Ernest, John Cadman jnr, Stanley Hayden)
Trumpington, St Mark’s Church: marriage register (Brooks-Phillips)
England Select Births and Christenings, 1538‒1975 (Sophia Levi)
England & Wales Civil Registration Birth Index, 1837‒1915 (Mary Eugenie Phillips)
England & Wales, Civil Registration Marriage Index, 1837‒1915 (Brooks-Hayden; Brooks-Phillips)
Essex Select Church of England Parish Registers, 1518‒1960 (Hayden-Levi)
England & Wales Civil Registration Death Index, 1858‒1966, 1973‒1995 (John Cadman Brooks snr, Mary Eugenie Brooks)
England & Wales Civil Registration Death Index, 1916‒2007 (Stanley Hayden)

Cambridgeshire Regiment 1914‒18
Cambridge Regiment 1914‒18, numbers
UK, WW1 Service Medal and Award Rolls, 1914-1920 (ancestry)
British Army WW1 Medal Rolls Index Cards, 1914-1920
UK Soldiers Died in Great War 1914-1920 (ancestry)
The War Graves Photographic Project

By Ian Bent, Jo Costin and Mary Naylor

John Cadman Brooks; Nellie Brooks; Sophia Hayden