CFHS code : PL223

Parish : St Paul

Inscription : In Loving Memory of KENNETH GORDON CAMPBELL Lieutenant 12th Battalion Highland Light Infantry who fell in action at Loos Sep 25 1915 age 20 dulce et decorum est pro patria mori JANE E L CAMPBELL b Jan 7 1825 d Nov 22 1910 MURIEL GORDON CAMPBELL d Oct 18 1952 GORDON CAMPBELL b Aug 21 1851 d Nov 14 1917

Monument : Stone cross/Kerb stones

Above information from Cambridge Family History Society Survey

Lat Lon : 52.202152, 0.13629328 – click here for location

Campbell grave - restored March 2015
Campbell monument – restored March 2015

Monument

Stone cross with kerb stones in the parish area of St Paul, located ten rows to the east of the western path, just north of the Lodge.

Inscription

[plinth:]
‘In loving memory of Kenneth Gordon Campbell
Lieutenant 12th Battalion Highland Light Infantry
who fell in action at Loos Sep 25 1915 age 20 years’
“Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori”
[It is sweet and fitting to die for one’s country]

[kerb stones:]
‘Jane E. L. Campbell
born Jan 7 1825 died Nov 22 1910’

‘Muriel Gordon Campbell
died Oct 18 1952’

‘Gordon Campbell
born Aug 21 1851 died Nov 14 1917’

Kenneth Gordon Campbell (1895–1915) WW1 soldier – see also Life Story page

Kenneth was born on 12 February 1895 in Newnham Croft, Cambridge. He was the youngest of the four children of Frederick Gordon Bluett Campbell and Blanche Iveson Campbell (née Watkins). He was first educated at St Faith’s School, Cambridge under the Headmaster, Ralph Shilleto Goodchild, and the school was known locally as Goody’s. Kenneth then went to Winchester College, Hampshire. Kenneth was at Winchester College between September 1908 and July 1914. He was in B House, known as Moberly’s. His housemaster was initially Mr Fort and then later Mr Aris. Kenneth was a very successful sportsman whilst he was at Winchester. He played golf from 1909 and he was part of the school’s golf team from 1912, acting as president in 1913. He also played with success during the holidays in Newquay, winning the Newquay Golf Club’s major competition, the Atlantic Cup, when he was 17. He also played in the school’s 2nd soccer XI in 1913 and in the 1st XI in 1914. At Winchester they play their own version of football at six and fifteen a-side. There are three teams, drawn from the various boarding houses. Kenneth played in OTH or Houses XV in 1913 and he was a reserve or ‘on dress’ in 1912. He rowed for his house IV between 1911 and 1913, and he also played soccer and fives for his house. He was elected a member of the ‘Sixteen Club’ in November 1913. The Club was an essay or discussion society for senior boys at which the boys took turns to read papers on various academic subjects. He became a prefect and Head of his House. Kenneth was a member of the Officers’ Training Corps (OTC) in which he became colour sergeant.

Kenneth was elected to a Classical Scholarship at Trinity Hall, Cambridge shortly before the War started. However, he did not take it up and obtained a commission as a Lieutenant on 29 September 1914 in the 12th (Service) Battalion of the Highland Light Infantry. Kenneth’s paternal great grandfather, Norman Campbell, had been in the 71st Highland Light Infantry and Norman’s father (Kenneth’s paternal great great grandfather) had been in the Loudoun Highlanders. The 12th (Service) Battalion was mobilized for war and Kenneth accompanied his Battalion when it set out for France on 11 July 1915. He was second in command of ‘B’ Company when he led it to attack on 25 September at the Battle of Loos.

Jane Elizabeth Lauretta Campbell (née Bluett) (1825–1909)

Jane was born on 7 January 1825 in Calcutta, India. She was the eldest of the two children of Lieutenant William Henry Clarke Bluett of the 45th Regiment and Jane Bluett (née Gordon). Her father was an officer in the Bengal Army between 1790 and his death in 1829. After her father’s death in Saugor, India her mother, Jane senior, took her children including Jane junior back to her family who were then living at St John’s Road, Helier, Jersey. At some point the family then moved to Paignton, Devon. Jane junior married William Wilson Campbell in 1846 in Devon. William’s ancestry was Scottish and rooted in the Army like his wife’s family. His paternal grandmother, Henrietta Campbell (née Sutherland), was related to the 21st Earl of Sutherland. He was also the great great grandson of Sir Ewen Cameron, of Fassigern and Lochiel, Chief of the Cameron Clan, who died in 1719. Jane and William had two children including Frederick Gordon Bluett Campbell. Around the time of William’s death Jane moved from Devon to Cambridge where their son was living. She lodged at 3 Emmanuel Road before moving into her son’s household at 3 Pemberton Terrace and then 4 Downing Grove, Cambridge. Jane died on 22 November 1909 in Cambridge.

Frederick Campbell at Newquay Station
Frederick Campbell at Newquay Station

Frederick Gordon Bluett Campbell (1851–1917)

Frederick was born on 21 August 1851 in St Helier, Jersey. He was known as Gordon. Gordon was the younger of the two children of William Wilson Campbell and Jane Elizabeth Lauretta Campbell (née Bluett). He was educated at Exeter Grammar and Cheltenham College, Gloucestershire. He entered Cheltenham College in January 1867 and left in December 1870. Gordon was a boarder in Hazelwell. He won prizes for mathematics and divinity in June 1867, and came top of class IIB in June 1968, but he then moved up to class IA and he was about halfway down the class list for the rest of his time here. In his final term he came 4th out of thirteen pupils and he won a prize for French. He was also Senior Prefect in his last year. In December 1870 Gordon was awarded a closed scholarship to Exeter College, Oxford, open to men born in the Channel Islands.

He matriculated at Exeter College on 21 January 1871 where he read Classics and Law. Whilst at Exeter he obtained a BA on 10 June 1875 and his MA on 25 October 1877. He was then admitted as a pensioner at Trinity College, Cambridge on the same day as obtaining his MA at Exeter where he read Law and obtained his LLM in 1879. In the third quarter of the 19th century, Law as a subject at Cambridge was moved from one Tripos to another and in 1875 a second, successful, attempt was made to establish a Law Tripos. Therefore, Gordon came to Cambridge at a fairly early time in this new system. Whilst at Cambridge Gordon was Hon Treasurer of the New Carlton Club (today the Cambridge University Conservative Association) and the Hawks’ Club (a club for elite University sportsmen). He was also a member and honorary member of First Trinity Boat Club (today part of 1st & 3rd Trinity Boat Club). Gordon was admitted to the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple on 16 November 1874 and he was called to the Bar on 11 May 1881. In addition he obtained his LLD in 1885.

He was also a successful ‘Poll Coach’ for many years and author of a number of legal texts. Poll rhymes with ‘doll’ and originates from the Greek ‘hoi polloi’, which has come to mean a derogatory name for ‘the masses’. The word was used in the late 19th century to apply to men working for a pass degree, as opposed to an honours degree.

Gordon married Blanche Iveson Watkins on 12 September 1889 at St Leonard, Streatham, London. They had four children: Niel Sutherland (1890 – 1890); Muriel Gordon (1891 – 1951); Lorna Marjorie Iveson (1893 – 1991); and Kenneth Gordon Campbell (1895 – 1915). The family lived in Cambridge but Gordon bought a small end-of-terrace house at Newquay, Cornwall, adjoining the golf course. This was where Gordon took his family for summer holidays and also parties of undergraduates whom he was coaching. Gordon died on 14 November 1917 at 15 Market Street, Cambridge. A funeral service was held for him on 17 November 1917 at St Edward’s, Cambridge. Amongst the attendees were the Vice-Chancellor of the University (Dr Arthur Everett Shipley, Master of Christ’s College), and the Mayor of Cambridge (the Revd Edmund Courtenay Pearce, Master of Corpus Christi College). A report of the funeral was published in the local newspaper.

Niel Sutherland Campbell (1890 –1890)

Niel was born on 15 June 1890 in Cambridge. He was the eldest of the four children of Frederick Gordon Bluett Campbell and Blanche Iveson Campbell (née Watkins). He died aged ten days on 25 June 1890 in Cambridge. A small plaque commemorating him was placed on the family grave at a later date but it is now missing.

Muriel (Mooie) Campbell
Muriel (Mooie) Campbell

Muriel Gordon Campbell (1891–1951)

Muriel was born in 1891 in Cambridge. She was known as Mooie. She was the second of the four children of Frederick Gordon Bluett Campbell and Blanche Iveson Campbell (née Watkins). On the night of the 1911 census Mooie was 19 years old and she was visiting her maternal grandparents, William Watkins and Betsey Ellen Watkins (née Iveson), at the Magdalen Hospital, Drewstead Road, Streatham, London. Her grandfather was the Warden, Chaplain and Secretary for the Hospital. He had taken up office there in 1883 and only retired due to ill health in 1917. The Magdalen Committee had selected him from 199 candidates. He was supported in his application by among others the Duke of Somerset and Bishop Temple. He was described as having “musical abilities” and a “genial personality”. Whilst at the Hospital William composed numerous chants and hymns and took choir practice. Mooie’s grandparents celebrated their golden wedding anniversary at the Hospital on 15 January 1913. Meanwhile, Mooie became a domestic bursar St Mark’s College, Chelsea, London in the 1920s, and later held a similar position at St John’s College, York (a Church training College for male teachers). Upon retirement she lived for some time at her family’s summer home in Newquay, Cornwall. When she fell ill in 1951 her younger sister, Lorna Marjorie Iveson Blyth (née Campbell), brought her back to Cambridge. Mooie died on 18 October 1951 in the Evelyn Nursing Home, Cambridge.

Sources:
War Graves Photographic Project
www.forces-war-records.co.uk
www.ancestry.co.uk
http://www.new.fibis.org
http://archive.org/stream/magdalenhospital00compuoft#page/n5/mode/2up
Census returns for England: 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911
England & Wales, FreeBMD Birth Index, 1837 – 1915
England & Wales, FreeBMD Marriage Index, 1837 – 1915
London, England, Marriages and Banns, 1754 – 1921
England & Wales, FreeBMD Death Index, 1837 – 1915
England & Wales, FreeBMD Marriage Index, 1837 – 1915
England & Wales, Death Index, 1916 – 2007
England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858 – 1966
UK, Soldiers Died in the Great War, 1914 – 1919
Web: International, Find a Grave Index
The Times, 9 December 1909
The Times, 16 November 1917
Compston, H. F. B., The Magdalen Hospital: The Story of a Great Charity
(London: SPCK, 1917)
Notebook belonging to Blanche Iveson Campbell (née Watkins)
Campbell, H. C., Paternal Descent of Henry Cadogan Campbell (in manuscript)

Information kindly provided by the following institutions: Cheltenham College; St Faith’s School, Cambridge; Winchester College; Exeter College, Oxford; Clare College, Cambridge; Trinity Hall, Cambridge; and Trinity College, Cambridge.

Communications from Kenneth Blyth, nephew of Kenneth Gordon Campbell

By Emma Easterbrook and Ian Bent

Gordon Campbell; Jane E.L. Campbell; Kenneth Gordon Campbell; Muriel Gordon Campbell