CFHS code : ED154

Parish : St Edward

Inscription : In Loving Memory of MARIA ANN the beloved wife of CHARLES CAVE of 17 Brunswick Terrace Cambridge b 27.9.1836 d 24.11.1918 and of the said CHARLES CAVE d 21.1.1927 aged 77

Monument: Headstone

Above information from Cambridge Family History Society Survey

Lat Lon : 52.203217, 0.13662239 – click here for location

Maria Ann and Charles Cave headstone
Maria Ann and Charles Cave headstone

Monument

This tall limestone headstone with kerb stones, and with carved foliage with scroll, in the parish area of St Edward is located to the left of the west path beyond the path to the centre circle (going northwards), in front of the pink marble column of the Sennitt grave.

Inscription

‛In loving memory of
Maria Ann the beloved wife of Charles Cave
of 17 Brunswick Terrace Cambridge
born Sep. 27, 1836, fell asleep in Jesus Nov. 24, 1918’

“Life’s race well run / Life’s work faithfully done / Now comes the rest”

“Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord”

‛And of the said Charles Cave
who entered into rest Jan. 21 1927 aged 77 years’

“In His presence fullness of joy.”

Carving on Cave headstone
Carving on Cave headstone

Maria Ann Cave (née Gooby) (1836–1917)

Maria Ann Gooby was born on 27 September 1836 in Witcham (a village five miles from Ely, Cambridgeshire) and baptised on 16 July 1837 in Chatteris, Cambridgeshire.  She was the daughter of Robert Gooby, hostler (= ostler, i.e. groom) and his wife Ann.  In 1841, parents Robert and Ann (both 30), and daughters Maria Ann (5) and Elizabeth (2) were living in Back Lane, Chatteris.  By 1851 they had moved to Burn’s Hill in the same town, with four additions to the family: Emma (9), Jane (7), Robert (5), and James (2).  By 1861 Maria Ann, aged 24, was working as a dressmaker, and on the day the census was taken she was visiting Sarah Smith (‛land proprietor’) of High Street, Manea, Cambridgeshire.  In 1871 she was living with her parents at Back Lane.

Maria Ann married Charles Cave, a ‛stripper and grinder’ in a cotton mill in Whitworth, Spotland, Lancashire thirteen years younger than her, in the third quarter of 1875 in North Witchford, Cambridgeshire.  In 1881 the couple were living at 29 Lower Rockliffe, Spotland with one servant;  and at the 1891 census they were living at 112 New Line, Whitworth, Charles (41) now a warehouseman in the mill, Maria Ann (53), a dressmaker, her widowed mother Ann Gooby (80), and a boarder working as a cotton weaver in the mill.  By 1901 they were living at 71 Rochdale Road, Bacup, Rossendale, Lancashire, Charles having changed career and joined a life assurance company as an assistant superintendant.  Interestingly, the cotton weaver boarder of 1891 had by 1901 become the Caves’s domestic servant.

By 1911, Charles and Maria Ann had moved to Cambridge, and were living at 17 Brunswick Terrace, on the edge of Midsummer Common.  The 1911 census confirms that they had had no children.  On the day the census was taken, Maria’s brother James, a retired printer’s reader) was visiting them with his wife Jane and two children.

Maria died in November 1917, aged 82, and was buried on the 29th of that month in row IV plot 2 of the St Edward parish area of Mill Road Cemetery at a depth of 7 feet.

Charles Cave (1849‒1927)

Charles was born on 7 August 1849, and was baptised on 2 September, the son of Alfred Cave, post office messenger, and his wife Mary Ann in Chatteris, Cambridgeshire.  In 1851 Charles (1) was living with his parents (25 and 29) and siblings Josiah (3) and Mary Ann (6 months) at Wenney End (an estate), Chatteris;  and by 1861 the family were living there on New Road.  By this time, Josiah and Charles, aged 13 and 11, were already farm labourers;  Mary Ann (10) and her younger sisters Sarah Jane (9), Emily (7) and Elizabeth (3) were receiving ‛tuition at home’ rather than attending school.  Alfred remained at the post office.

In about 1862, a dramatic change of circumstances took place:  the entire family, with a further addition, Alfred John, moved to Lancashire, and in 1871 was living in Lower Rockliffe, Spotland, Whitworth.  While father Alfred (46) was unemployed, five of the seven children were working in the cotton mill: Josiah (23) and Charles (22) as strippers and grinders, Sarah (20) as a ‛slubber’ (i.e. someone who prepared the cotton for spinning, removing the irregularities in the yarn), Emily (18) as a weaver, and Eliza (13) as a ‛throstle spinner’; and their lodger was working as a ‛winder’.  Mary Ann (21), meanwhile, was in service as a house maid.

Charles married Maria Ann Cave, a dressmaker, in the third quarter of 1875 in North Witchford, Cambridgeshire.  By 1881, the couple were living at 29 Lower Rockliffe.  His father had died, and his mother, a widow at 63, was living down the road at No. 15 with Josiah, Mary Ann, Sarah Jane, Emily and Eliza Rebecca all working in the cotton mill, while Alfred John (18) was a ‛printer & compositor’.

In 1891, the couple were living at 112 New Line, Whitworth.  Charles (41), now a warehouseman in the cotton mill, and Maria Ann (53), still a dressmaker, now had her widowed mother Ann Gooby (80) living with them, and also a boarder, Emma Isaacs, who worked as a cotton weaver in the mill.  By 1901 Charles and Maria were living at 71 Rochdale Road, Bacup, Rossendale, Lancashire, Charles having joined a life assurance company as an assistant superintendant.  Interestingly, Emma Isaacs had now become the Caves’s own domestic servant.

17 Brunswick Terrace (2016)
17 Brunswick Terrace (2016)

By 1911 yet another major move had taken place: perhaps Charles’s company had reassigned him to another area as an ‛assurance agent’, because he and Maria Ann were living in Cambridge at 17 Brunswick Terrace.  Maria died in 1917, and Charles outlived her by nearly a decade, continuing to live in Brunswick Terrace until his death on 21 January 1927.  He was buried aged 77 in the same grave as Maria Ann: row IV plot 2 of the St Edward parish area of Mill Road Cemetery, at a depth of 6 feet.  The interment occurred according to the burial register on 26 January but according to the grave book on 22 January.

Sources:
England census 1841‒1911
England Births & Christenings, 1538‒1975
Church of St Edward, Cambridge, burial register, grave book

By Keith Rees and Ian Bent

Charles Cave; Maria Ann Cave