CFHS code : AL294

Parish : St Andrew the Less

Inscription : In Loving Memory of PHOEBE beloved wife of N PAMPHILON b Sept 1st 1841 d June 20th 1924 also NED PAMPHILON d Sept 29th 1935 aged 90 also ARTHUR PAMPHILON b Sept 2nd 1880 d Sept 18th 1880 and FLORENCE C PAMPHILON b June 16th 1883 d Decr 9th 1883

Monument : Headstone/Kerb stones

Above information from Cambridge Family History Society Survey

The headstone in April 2021.

Monument

This headstone stands 4 rows west of the east path just as it bends to become the north path. The inscription of metal letters is intact. The kerbs are present but may have fallen.

Inscription

In Loving Memory of PHOEBE beloved wife of N. PAMPHILON born Sept 1st 1841. Entered into rest June 20th 1924.
“Grace Triumphant.”

Also NED PAMPHILON died Sept 29th 1935 aged 90 years.
“After he had patiently endured he obtained the promise.”

Also ARTHUR PAMPHILON born Sept 2nd 1880 died Sept 18th 1880

And FLORENCE C PAMPHILON born June 16th 1883 died Decr 9th 1883

Phoebe Pamphilon (née Casburn)  (1 September 1841 -20 June 1924)

Phoebe was born in Burwell, a village ten miles north east of Cambridge and was the daughter of Robert and Mary Casburn.  Her father farmed 32 acres and she grew up at North Street, Burwell. Aged 19 Phoebe was living in Northampton and working as a draper’s assistant for draper John Blackwell. She married draper’s clerk Henry Ley (1846-1871) in Manchester in 1869 and they had one daughter: Edith (1870-1946). They lived at 179 Collyhurst Road, Manchester, where Henry died aged 25 years old, leaving Phoebe a widow with a one year old daughter.

She married Ned Pamphilon in 1876 and he adopted Edith, who was called Edith Ley Pamphilon for most of her life.  Phoebe and Ned had a further eight children: Horace Edward (1877-1969), Mary Ann (1878-1983), Arthur (1880-1880), Constance Ellen (Nellie) (1881-1964), Florence Casburn (1883-1883), Mabel (1885-), Laura Casburn (1886-1967) and Arthur Robert John (1888-1973). Ned was a carpenter, later a master builder and the family lived at Hope Cottage, 40 Gwydir Street (1881-at least 1891) and 59 Gwydir Street (at least 1901 onwards). Phoebe died at home aged 82 years old.

Ned Pamphilon (1844 – 29 September 1935)

Ned was born in Whittlesford, seven miles south of Cambridge and was baptised on  1 November 1844. He was the third son of John and Ann (née Runham) Pamphilon and his father was a carpenter. In 1871 Ned was working in Cambridge and lodging at Eden Street. He went into partnership with his brother James Jennings Pamphilon (1843-1910) and the building business was known as Messrs. Pamphilon Bros.  The brothers had a workshop at 57 Gwydir Street which caught on fire in September 1885. The building was made of wood and the alarm was raised by a boy. The fire brigade managed to isolate the damage to the top part of the building. The Cambridge Independent Press reported ‘the damage done was estimated at £250, and is fully insured by insurance in the Norwich Union Office. The cause of the fire is at present unknown’. The brothers placed an advert the following week in the newspaper thanking ‘the Fire Brigade under the superintendance of Captain Lyon, and to Mr. F. Bridges (as, had it not been for him, the whole of the premises and timber, no doubt would very soon have been destroyed); also to the public for their assistance and sympathy’. In May 1896 the business successfully tendered for renovations to the Sanitorium laundry, and the installation of a ‘Bradford Drying Closet’.  Messrs. Pamphilon Bros’ tender of £120 was the lowest received. Ned and James dissolved their partnership in June 1889 by mutual consent. He then went into partnership with his son Horace in a new company called N. Pamphilon & Son.

In May 1898 Ned successful got permission from the Guildhall and Buildings Committee to add an addition to his house in Gwydir Street.  The family were members of the Baptist Church and Ned  was a prominent member of the passive resistance movement which opposed the 1902 Education Act (otherwise known as the Balfour Act).  In this act funding for schools was moved to a more uniform basis.   Previously some schools were run by local school boards, and some were run by churches (either Church of England or Catholic).  The 1902 Act established local education authorities (LEAs) who were in charge of paying school teachers and ensuring they were sufficiently qualified.  They paid the teachers in church schools, with churches providing and maintaining the school buildings and providing religious instruction.  Members of the Baptist and Methodist Churches ran a campaign of passive resistance for many years after the introduction of the Act, whereby they withheld the educational element from their taxes. They objected to their taxes being used to educate children in a religion different to their own, and were also unhappy at loosing previous involvement on the now abolished school boards. Ned appeared in court in September 1903 and seemed to relish his appearance. He owed 6s, 4d and the Cambridge Daily News reported the events in court: ‘ Mr Pamphilon: I am very glad you have given me an invitation to show cause why I object to paying the education rate (Applause), I do do because it is one-sided. Its object, first , is to give- The Chairman: You cannot go into its object. Mr Paphilon then added that the only object of the Act was to benefit one class. The Chairman: We cannot hear that. If you have any conscientious reasons for objecting, we don’t mind going into them. Mr Pamphilon: My summons says ‘show cause’. We did not have that opportunity at the last election – (Applause)- and I have no doubt we must fight it out at the police-court (Renewed applause). We have had specimens in Romsey Town of how this Act will work – four Churchmen and one Nonconformist. I object upon sectarian principles’. He objection continued in 1905 and 1906 and was reported locally.  Ned Pamphilon died at his home in Gwydir Street aged 90 years old.

Arthur Pamphilon (2 September 1880 – 18 September 1880)

Arthur died aged two weeks old, but his burial is not recorded in the Andrew the Less burial records.

Florence Casburn Pamphilon (1883-1883)

Florence died at Gwydir Street aged 5 months old and was buried on 14 December 1883.

Sources:

Ancestry

Newspaper archives

Parish burial records transcribed by CFHS

by Claire Martinsen

[If you have any information about this family, please contact us at Friendsofmillroadcemetery@gmail.com]

Arthur Pamphilon; Florence Caburn Pamphilon; Ned Pamphilon; Phoebe Pamphilon