CFHS code : BE10

Parish : St Bene’t

Inscription : Sacred to the Memory of SOPHIA the beloved wife of RICHARD BANKES HARRADEN of Cambridge d Jan 17 1861 also To the Memory of RICHARD BANKES HARRADEN d [Nov] 17 1862 also PHOEBE SOPHIA GARDNER daughter of the above d March 12th 1905

Monument : Headstone/Kerb stones/Footstone

Above information from Cambridge Family History Society Survey

Harraden and Gardner headstone 2017


Headstone, with kerb stones and footstone. In the parish area of St Bene’t, this grave is located to the west of the central path between the south path and the centre circle.


‘Sacred to the memory Sophia
the beloved wife of Richard Bankes Harraden of Cambridge
who died Jan 27 1861’

‘Also to the memory of the said Richard Bankes Harraden
who died Nov 17 1862’

‘Also Phoebe Sophia Gardner daughter of the above
who died March 12th 1905’

[footstone:] SH / 1861 / RBH / 1862 PSG / 1905

Sophia Harraden (née Prior) (c.1796 – 27 January  1861)

Sophia was born in Cambridge and married Richard Harraden  on 16 July 1813  at St Mary the Great Church.  They had at least eight children:Henry Richard (1814-1870),  Frederick (1817-1893), Phoebe Sophia (1818-1905), Alfred (1820-), Samuel (1821-1897), Catherine (1828-1898), Eleanor Prior (1828-1891) and Anna Mary (1832-).

Richard worked as a printmaker/artist and the family lived at King’s Parade (1841) and then Trumpington Street (at least 1851 onwards).  From 1851 onwards Richard was described as a retired artist on census records. Sophia died aged 65 years old, two weeks after her youngest daughter’s marriage.

Richard Bankes Harraden (29 August 1778 – 17 November 1862) see also Life Story page

Richard was born in London and was the son of Richard and Elizabeth. He was baptised at St. Luke Old Street Church in Finsbury on 27 September 1778.

Richard Bankes Harraden was a printmaker and also a painter working in oil and watercolour. He worked with his father and two other artists to produce 24 engraved plates of Cambridge academics entitled Cantabrigia depicta (Cambridge: Harraden & Son, 1809-10). He was a member of the Society of British Artists from 1824 – 1849.

He died at 22 Regent Street in 1862.

Phoebe Sophia Gardner (née Harraden)  (c.1818 – 12 March 1905)

Phoebe was the eldest daughter of Richard and Sophia and was baptised at St. Mary the Great Church on 15 November 1818. She lived with her parents until their deaths and then married widower Rev. Thomas Woodward Gardner (1800-1871) on 1 December 1864 in Croydon, Surrey. Thomas was the vicar of Ashenden with Dorton in Buckinghamshire and Phoebe was widowed in 1871.    The post of vicar of Ashenden was taken by her brother in law Rev. John Cramer Addison (1826-1906) husband of Eleanor Prior Harraden.

In 1881 she had returned to live at 22 Regent Street with step daughter Maria Louisa Gardner (1841-1916 ) and they were both documented as receiving income from houses and foreign dividends.  In 1891 she was lodging at 6 Warkworth Terrace which was run as a Lodging House by Emily Alexander. Sophia then moved to live at 23 Gildredge Road in Eastbourne (1901) with Fanny Sandy who was her lady’s maid and lodger Hannah Ellaby. She died in Eastbourne aged 86 years old.

Sources :
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Mike Petty, ‘The Illustrators’, Cambridge Weekly News, 14 January 1988, p. 16
communication from the library of the Royal Academy
communication from the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge


Newspaper archives

By Ian Bent with additional information by Claire Martinsen

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Phoebe Sophia Gardner; Richard Bankes Harraden; Sophia Harraden